Saturday, April 15, 2017

#AtoZChallenge MCCARTHYISM or the Red Scare

Truman kinda started it with an executive order #9835, March 21, 1947. It required that all federal civil service employees be screened for "loyalty."

The one criterion to be used in determining that "reasonable grounds exist for belief that the person involved is disloyal" would be a finding of "membership in, affiliation with or sympathetic association" with any organization determined by the attorney general to be "totalitarian, Fascist, Communist or subversive" or advocating or approving the forceful denial of constitutional rights to other persons or seeking "to alter the form of Government of the United States by unconstitutional means."


AP Images Lauren Bacall and Humphrey Bogart lead the Committee for the First Amendment
 through the streets of Washington on October 27, 1947


Lauren Bacall, Political Activist: She Knew How to Whistle... and Speak Her Mind 

Hollywood was hit hard. When going over the list, I noticed, either they were Black, Jews, had Baltic or Russian heritage and many of them were already political activists. Here is just a small few who made the list:


Leonard Bernstein, composer and conductor music for West Side Story-

Lee J. Cobb, actor 12 Angry Men -

José Ferrer, actor The Caine Mutiny (1954)-

Will Geer, an actor known for his portrayal of Grandpa Zebulon Tyler Walton in the 1970s TV series The Waltons.

Ruth Gordon, actor, and screenwriter Rosemary's Baby (1968), Harold and Maude (1971)

Judy Holliday, actor and comedian  Academy Award Best Actress

Lena Horne, singer, and actor known for her song, Stormy Weather. Because of the Red Scare and her political activism, Horne found herself blacklisted and unable to get work in Hollywood-

Burl Ives, folk singer-actor 1964 Christmas special Rudolph, the Red-Nosed Reindeer-

Gypsy Rose Lee, actor and American burlesque entertainer and vedette famous for her striptease act. She was also an actress, author, and playwright whose 1957 memoir was made into the stage musical and film Gypsy.-

Burgess Meredith, actor portraying arch-villain The Penguin on the 1960s TV series Batman -

Arthur Miller, playwright Death of a Salesman A Streetcar Named Desire-

Edward G. Robinson, actor film noir Double Indemnity-

Pete Seeger, folk singer his best-known songs include "Where Have All the Flowers Gone?" "If I Had a Hammer -

Artie Shaw, jazz musician 1938 recording of Cole Porter's "Begin the Beguine-

Orson Welles, actor, writer, and director Citizen Kane-

Eddie Albert, actor Green Acres--

Harry Belafonte, actor and singer, He has also starred in several films, most notably in Otto Preminger's hit musical Carmen Jones (1954), Island in the Sun (1957) and Robert Wise's Odds Against Tomorrow (1959).- -

Ruby Dee, actress A Raisin in the Sun (1961). Her other notable film roles include The Jackie Robinson Story -

 Important Event in 1954



Yours truly!

10 comments:

  1. Must have been some scary times. I am concerned with the mindset of politics today. Cute baby pic.
    Visiting from
    If I Only Had A Time Machine

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Don't even get me started on Today's political mindset. I am fed up.

      Delete
  2. Does it seem to you that Hollywood is doing the same thing these days to those that don't march lock step with their beliefs and political persuasion?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. It does appear that way.

      Delete
  3. Being a xenophobe comes easy. I don't like the way people throw the word fascist around so easy. It is a very serious accusation. Sort of like the little red hen crying about the sky falling. When it is a problem, no one can see it because of all the other problems.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I agree about throwing around the word fascist. Especially when so many do not even know what it means.

      Delete
  4. That's quite crazy, when we think about it today. I'm sure those people didn't do anything unpatriotic.

    @JazzFeathers
    The Old Shelter - 1940s Film Noir

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. They didn't or they would of been prosecuted.

      Delete
  5. A very important event indeed!

    ReplyDelete
  6. Thank you this was interesting

    ReplyDelete

Comments are good - I admit, sometimes I don't respond back, in time for a dialog. I bad! I will TRY and do better. Thanks for understanding.

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