Saturday, April 01, 2017
#AtoZChallenge- Atomic Bombs
It is said, the Baby Boom started exactly 9 months after, the war ended.
If ever there was a time, I was happy to have not been born yet, it would be August 6 and August 9, 1945. On these days, The United States dropped nuclear bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
On August 6, the U.S. dropped a uranium gun-type (Little Boy) bomb on Hiroshima, and American President Harry S. Truman called for Japan's surrender, warning it to "expect a rain of ruin from the air, the like of which has never been seen on this earth."
Three days later, on August 9, a plutonium implosion-type (Fat Man) bomb was dropped on Nagasaki.
Within the first two to four months of the bombings, the acute effects of the atomic bombings killed 90,000–146,000 people in Hiroshima and 39,000–80,000 in Nagasaki; roughly half of the deaths in each city occurred on the first day. During the following months, large numbers died from the effect of burns, radiation sickness, and other injuries, compounded by illness and malnutrition. In both cities, most of the dead were civilians, although Hiroshima had a sizable military garrison.
Japan announced its surrender to the Allies on August 15, six days after the bombing of Nagasaki and the Soviet Union's declaration of war. On September 2, the Japanese government signed the instrument of surrender, effectively ending World War II.
The ethical justification for the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki is still debated to this day, mainly because more than a hundred thousand civilians were killed.
As children, we learned about this in school. I'll never forget, watching that infamous, mushroom cloud on the school's movie projector in the classroom. I remember going home, and asking my mom all about it. She told me it had to be done because the Japanese wouldn't surrender due to their strict Shinto code. My Mom was 11 years old, and that is how she was to accept it. I don't know, but I find it interesting, how those atomic bombs ended World War 2 and ushered in the Baby Boom Generation and the Cold War.
SPORTS: World Series:St. Louis over Boston, 4-3
Joe Louis defends heavyweight title for 23rd time
“Assault” wins Belmont, Preakness and Kentucky Derby
ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT:
Movies: The Best Years of Our Lives,
Come Rain or Come Shine,
Gillette Cavalcade of Sports,
Esso Newsreel (programming limited to approximately 12 hours per week on two networks)
Books: Hiroshima, John Hersey;
Baby and Child Care, Dr. Benjamin Spock;
All the King’s Men, Robert Penn Warren
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